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Hafted Axe

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Cultural Period: Ancestral Puebloan

Description: Fully-grooved stone axe hafted with a wooden loop handle, collected by Byron Cummings in 1909. The axe head is made of basalt. The bit and sides are polished, but the back of the head is rough - either pecked or used for pounding. The handle is looped around the lateral groove in the axe head, and smaller split twigs or vines hold the handle and axe head in place. Red pigment is still apparent on the loop around the axe head.

Dimensions: 4 L x 3 1/4 W x 2 7/8 T (axe).

Collection: On display at Navajo National Monument (Catalog No. 433).

Dan Boone/Ryan Belnap, Bilby Research Center, Northern Arizona University
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