Common name: Calabash; Bottle Gourd; Long Melon; Opo Squash
Scientific name: Lagenaria siceraria
Description: Bottle gourds grow in a variety of shapes and sizes. The leaves are large and broad, flowers are white to yellow, and the mature gourds are typically shades of green.
Uses: Often carved into bowls/cups,dippers,spoons, or masks - by Acoma, Apache, Cochiti, Havasupai, Hopi, Keres, Mohave, Navajo, Papago, Pima, and Yuma). Predominantly used as a container or utensil, however, also used for ceremonial/ritual purposes (as a trumpet and/or rattle).
Kimberley A. Ryan, Northern Arizona University Anthropology Laboratories