Coconino Red-on-buff is a type of Coconino Buff Ware sharing similarities with Hohokam Buff Ware made in central and southern Arizona, but found only at a few sites around Walnut Canyon in northern Arizona.
Archaeological Culture: Sinagua
Date Range: A.D. 1050-1150.
Construction: By paddle and anvil.
Firing: In a oxidizing atmosphere.
Core Color: Black, gray, or buff, tending to brick-red near the outer surface (jars), or brick-red.
Temper: Abundant coarse light-colored angular fragments (gray, white, or buff) (Variety 1), or abundant grains of black volcanic sand (Variety 2).
Surface Finish: Exterior surface (jars), slipped with buff wash or creamy slip interior surface generally coated with thin buff wash and wiped; exterior surface (bowls), coated with thin buff wash and wiped; exterior surface (bowls) coated with thin buff wash and wiped, interior surfaces slipped buff or creamy slip.
Surface Color: Buff, cream.
Forms: Jars, bowls, censers.
- Jar walls: 4.1 to 7.1 mm; greatest individual range recorded, 1.4 mm; average thickness (six sherds) 5.5 mm.
- Bowl walls: 6.0 to 7.9 mm; greatest individual range recorded, 1.9mm; average thickness (two sherds) 6.8mm.
- Paint: Iron oxide mineral paint.
- Design: Elements consist of serrated barbs, thin parallel lines, often wavy or jagged; fringe attached to lines; hatching, with the hatching areas often doubly capped with jagged lines; both rectilinear and curvilinear scrolls.
Comparisons: Types of Hohokam Buff Ware all have different temper. Winona Red-on-buff differs in that it is definitely not slipped.
Compiled from the following sources:
Colton, Harold S. (1955) Pottery Types of the Arizona Strip and Adjacent Areas in Utah and Nevada. Museum of Northern Arizona Ceramic Series No. 1. Flagstaff, Arizona
O’Hara, Michael. (1998) Red-on-buff North of the Mogollon Rim: A Comparative Analysis and Cultural Assessment. Masters Thesis. Northern Arizona University. Flagstaff, Arizona.
April Peters, Northern Arizona University Anthropology Laboratories.