Deadmans Black-on-red is a type of San Juan Red Ware most commonly found in northern Arizona east of the Colorado River.
Archaeological Culture: Ancestral Puebloan
Date Range: Kayenta Heartland: A.D. 780-1040 (Christenson 1994); Flagstaff Region: A.D. 750-1075 (per Christian Downum, Northern Arizona University).
Construction: By coiling.
Firing: In an oxidizing atmosphere.
Core Color: Dark gray to gray, dark brown to brick-red.
Carbon Streak: Common.
Temper: Rock, angular quartz, lesser amounts hornblende, or basalt; conspicuous in cross section of reddish color; not conspicuous on surfaces.
Surface Finish: Bowls not bumpy highly polished; horizontal polishing marks frequently conspicuous; both surfaces of bowls and exterior of jars are compacted. Slip present.
Surface Color: Red, reddish brown, interior surface of seed jars is light brownish-gray, surface color and core do not contrast when core is reddish.
Forms: Bowls predominate, dippers rare, seed jars uncommon, jars rare.
Vessel Thickness: 2 to 6.4 mm, average 3.8 mm; walls uniform in thickness (bowls); 2.4 to 5.4 mm; average 4 mm (seed jars); 3.2 to 6.7 mm; average 5 mm (jar walls).
- Paint: Black, brown, purplish; frequently crystals show in paint.
- Pigments: Manganese.
- Design: Interior surface of bowls, rarely exterior, rims occasionally painted; exterior surface of jars. Geometric, 1 to 4 encircling lines beginning at base of rim; often motifs pendent from rim; lines: stripes, solid triangles; lines: straight, wavy, single or in series.
Comparisons: Bluff Black-on-red less highly polished; somewhat bumpy; pitted; bowl walls thicker; crudely executed; encircling line below rim absent; elements often arranged in circular order; curved lines and stripes common.
Other Names: Red ware with shiny paint.
Compiled from the following sources:
Christenson, Andrew. (1994) A Test of Mean Ceramic Dating Using Well-Dated Kayenta-Anasazi Sites. Kiva 59(3).
Colton, Harold S., and Lyndon L. Hargrave. (1937) Handbook of Northern Arizona Pottery Wares. Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin 11, Flagstaff, Arizona.
April Peters, Northern Arizona University Anthropology Laboratories.