Dinwiddie Polychrome

Dinwiddie Polychrome is type of Roosevelt Red Ware limited in form to recurved bowls, often with smudged interiors.  This type is found in southeast Arizona and southwestern New Mexico, and may not occur west of Kinishba and the Nine Mile site, Arizona.

Archaeological Culture: Salado

Date Range: A.D. 1390-1450.

Construction: By coiling.

Firing: In an oxidizing atmosphere.

Core Color: Brick-red, tan, gray to black.

Temper: Moderately abundant fine water-worn sand.

Surface Finish: Exteriors slipped red and polished, painted (black over white; frequently unpolished and gritty in appearance); interiors smudged.

Surface Color: Exteriors red (brown in over-fired vessels) and white, painted; interiors black.

Forms: Recurved bowls only.


  • Paint: Black paint over white design fields.
  • Pigments: Black: carbon, red: hematite, white: kaolin.
  • Design: Exterior design is like Gila or Tonto Polychrome jars; interior is smudged; common motifs are simple repeated triangles, squiggles, checkboards, terraces, pendant flags, hatching, interlocking scrolls, and dots.

Comparisons: Similar to Phoenix, Gila, and Tonto polychromes, but smudged on the interior and limited to recurved bowls.

Other Names: Dinwiddie Polychrome: Gila Variety; Dinwiddie Polychrome: Tonto Variety.

Compiled from the following sources:
Lyons, Patrick D., and Jeffery J. Clark. (2012) A Community of Practice in Diaspora: The Rise and Demise of Roosevelt Red Ware. In Potters and Communities of Practice: Glaze Paint and Polychrome Pottery in the American Southwest, A.D. 1250-1700, edited by L.S. Cordell and J.A. Habitcht-Mauche, pp. 19-33. Anthropological Papers No 75. University of Arizona, Tucson.

Neuzil, Anna A., and Patrick D. Lyons. (2005) An Analysis of Whole Vessels from the Mills Collection Curated at Eastern Arizona College, Thatcher, Arizona. Technical Report No. 2005-001. Center for Desert Archaeology, Tucson.

Compiled by:
Meghann M. Vance, Northern Arizona University Anthropology Laboratories.