Tusayan Black-on-white is a Tusayan White Ware type common in the Tsegi area of northern Arizona.
Archaeological Culture: Ancestral Puebloan, Kayenta
Date Range: Kayenta Heartland: A.D. 1230-1320 (Christenson 1994), Flagstaff Region: A.D. 1225-1290 (per Christian Downum, Northern Arizona University).
Construction: By coiling.
Firing: In a reducing atmosphere.
Core Color: Dark gray to light gray.
Carbon Streak: Fairly common.
Temper: Not very abundant fine quartz sand, frequently almost invisible.
Surface Finish: Interior bowl surfaces and exterior jar surfaces are smoothed not slipped, slightly polished, scraping marks noticeable on undecorated surfaces.
Surface Color: Pearl gray to light bluish gray.
Forms: Jars, seed jars, colanders, jugs, canteens, dippers, and bowls.
Vessel Thickness: 2.5 to 5.6 mm (bowls).
- Paint: Usually organic black, dense and somewhat gritty.
- Pigments: Carbon.
- Design: Series of small ranking triangles set along straight lines, sawtooth edge effect, and opposed by like series running in opposite direction, commonly introduced between the two is a line saw-toothed on both sides, opposed sets of isosceles triangles with their points touching, leaving diamond shaped interspaces which are occupied by a single dot, interlocking scrolls are common, as well as large solid areas with serrated edges, coarse cross-hatching sometimes occurs as background for series of triangles, painted areas are greater than unpainted areas.
Comparisons: Flagstaff Black-on-white has white areas in excess of painted areas. Kayenta Black-on-white has mosquito bar design.
Other Names: Pottery from Tusayan, Tusayan Pottery, Black-and-white ware, Proto- Kayenta Black-on-white, 3rd Tusayan.
Compiled from the following sources:
Christenson, Andrew (1994) A Test of Mean Ceramic Dating Using Well-Dated Kayenta-Anasazi Sites. Kiva 59(3):297-317.
Colton, Harold S., and Lyndon L. Hargrave. (1937) Handbook of Northern Arizona Pottery Wares. Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin 11, Flagstaff, Arizona.
April Peters, Northern Arizona University Anthropology Laboratories.