Gallup Black-on-white

Gallup Black-on-white canteen from the Museum of Northern Arizona collections. Click the image to open the Gallup Black-on-white gallery.

Gallup Black-on-white is a type of Cibola White Ware with a washy slip and hachured designs.

Archaeological Culture: Ancestral Puebloan

Date Range: A.D. 1050-1225.

Construction: By coiling.

Firing: In a neutral to reducing atmosphere.

Core Color: Light gray to white.

Carbon Streak: Occasional.

Temper: Sherd and sand.

Surface Finish: Decorated surfaces are well smoothed, often slipped and polished; slip is often thin and streaky.

Surface Color: White to light gray.

Forms: Bowls, pitchers, jars, and dippers.


  • Paint: Black to brown to reddish brown, matte.
  • Pigments: Mineral, occasionally mixed with some organics.
  • Design: Parallel bands with diagonal and occasionally horizontal hatching running in parallel bands or filling triangles; solid elements are occasionally included as filler.

Comparisons: Chaco Black-on-white designs are tighter and the hatching more closely spaced.

Other Names: Puerco Gallup Black-on-white, Puerco Chaco Black-on-white, Puerco Chaco-Gallup Black-on-white, Chaco Black-on-white, and Chaco/Gallup Black-on-white.

Compiled from the following sources:
Kintigh, Keith, Greg Schachner, and Josh Watts. (2003) El Morro Valley Prehistory Project Ceramic Guide (link opens in new window), Arizona State University, Tempe.

Compiled by:
Meghann M. Vance, Northern Arizona University Anthropology Laboratories.