Angell Brown

Angell Brown jar. Click the image to open the Angell Brown gallery.

Angell Brown is a type of Alameda Brown Ware found in the black sand area of northern Arizona (around the San Francisco Peaks).

Archaeological Culture: Sinagua

Date Range: A.D. 1000-1150.

Construction: Paddle and anvil.

Firing: In an oxidizing atmosphere.

Core Color: Usually brown.

Carbon Streak: Present.

Temper: Mostly individual crystals of sanadine; fine angular fragments of crushed volcanic tuff (gray, white, buff, or reddish) present, but not abundant.

Surface Finish: Outside smoothed, wiping marks often show; interiors not well polished. Anvil marks conspicuous even in bowls.

Surface Color: Buff, orange to dark brown or gray.

Forms: Bowls and jars; Gila shoulder common.

Vessel Thickness: 5.5 to 6.5 mm; average 6 mm (bowls); 6.0 to 10 mm; average 8.5 mm (jars).

Decoration: None.

Comparisons: Differs from typical Winona Brown in the temper being finer, less abundant, and with more crystals. This variety lies between Rio de Flag Brown and Winona Brown and is not a very important indicator of time.

Other Names: Winona Brown.

Compiled from the following sources:
Colton, Harold. (1958) Pottery Types of the Southwest. Museum of Northern Arizona Ceramic Series No. 3D. Flagstaff, Arizona.

Compiled by:
April Peters, Northern Arizona University Anthropology Laboratories.