Citadel Polychrome is a type of Tsegi Orange Ware produced in northern Arizona and Moenkopi Wash in the Tsegi Canyons, and widely traded.
Archaeological Culture: Ancestral Puebloan
Date Range: Kayenta Heartland: A.D. 1040-1200 (Christenson 1994), Flagstaff Region: A.D. 1125-1200 (per Christian Downum, Northern Arizona University).
Construction: By coiling.
Firing: In an oxidizing atmosphere.
Core Color: Black to gray, dark brown (rare), to brick red.
Carbon Streak: Common.
Temper: Mostly soft, light colored whitish or yellowish angular fragments of sherd, usually lesser amount of quartz sand; occasionally isolated grains of basalt; conspicuous in cross-section of reddish color; noticeable on surface.
Surface Finish: Bowls usually smooth; occasionally bumpy; polished; horizontal polishing marks conspicuous around sides; exterior bowl surfaces slipped, except that broad unslipped stripe often occurs just below rim; base generally unslipped; slip generally thick with temper extruding; often crazed; slip flakes off large areas of heavily weathered sherds leaving core mottled with temper.
Surface Color: Exterior red; interior orange; color of interior surface and core generally do not contrast.
Vessel Thickness: 2.6 to 7.0 mm; average about 4.8 mm.
- Paint: Black and red, confined to interior.
- Pigment: Manganese and hematite.
- Design: Red paint: horizontal and diagonal stripes and elongated triangles; sometimes stripe encircling vessel just below the rim, no red stripes on the exterior. Black paint: narrow lines outlining red areas; diagonal hatchures in areas between red elements; no staggered or solid black areas; rims slipped, partly slipped or painted with black line.
Comparisons: Tusayan Polychrome, Style A bowls generally have horizontal handle; exterior surface bowls; one to three red stripes encircling vessel just below the rim; exterior surface color, buff or orange. Cameron Polychrome has black hatchures over orange surfaces.
Other Names: Tusayan Polychrome.
Compiled from the following sources:
Christenson, Andrew. (1994) A Test of Mean Ceramic Dating Using Well-Dated Kayenta-Anasazi Sites. Kiva 59(3).
Colton, Harold. (1956) Pottery Types of the Southwest. Museum of Northern Arizona Ceramic Series No. 3. Flagstaff, Arizona
April Peters, Northern Arizona University Anthropology Laboratories.