Gallup Black-on-white is a type of Cibola White Ware with a washy slip and hachured designs.
Archaeological Culture: Ancestral Puebloan
Date Range: A.D. 1050-1225.
Construction: By coiling.
Firing: In a neutral to reducing atmosphere.
Core Color: Light gray to white.
Carbon Streak: Occasional.
Temper: Sherd and sand.
Surface Finish: Decorated surfaces are well smoothed, often slipped and polished; slip is often thin and streaky.
Surface Color: White to light gray.
Forms: Bowls, pitchers, jars, and dippers.
- Paint: Black to brown to reddish brown, matte.
- Pigments: Mineral, occasionally mixed with some organics.
- Design: Parallel bands with diagonal and occasionally horizontal hatching running in parallel bands or filling triangles; solid elements are occasionally included as filler.
Comparisons: Chaco Black-on-white designs are tighter and the hatching more closely spaced.
Other Names: Puerco Gallup Black-on-white, Puerco Chaco Black-on-white, Puerco Chaco-Gallup Black-on-white, Chaco Black-on-white, and Chaco/Gallup Black-on-white.
Compiled from the following sources:
Kintigh, Keith, Greg Schachner, and Josh Watts. (2003) El Morro Valley Prehistory Project Ceramic Guide, Arizona State University, Tempe.
Meghann M. Vance, Northern Arizona University Anthropology Laboratories.